Compare And Contrast Sparta And Athens Essay

The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically they are extremely close to each various other, yet have sometimes had actually exceptionally different worths, lifeformats, and also cultures.

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Athens versus Sparta comparikid chart AthensSpartaAbout Counattempt Geography Population (Ancient) Region Climate Economy (Ancient) Culture (Ancient) Military Outlook (Ancient) Ancestry girls education Population (Modern) Economy (Modern) Latitude Longitude Time zone
The capital and largest city of Greece. Leader of the Delian Organization. Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. Known in Greek as Sparti. The city lies at the southerly finish of the central Laconian simple, on the best financial institution of the Eurotas River.
Greece Greece
Close the sea through a harbor. Hilly location. Landlocked. Also in a hilly location that gives natural defense.
At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000 At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000
Attica Laconia
Mediterranean climate, however even more dry with around 15 inches of rain per year Also a Mediterranean climate, but with even more rain.
Dependent on trade and also agriculture Dependent on agriculture
Forward looking and also progressive Controlling, standard, and also conservative
not as army based, and compelled army organization was just two years for citizens. Navy was finest in the Greek human being. mandatory armed forces service from age 7 to 60. Land based army via no navy until the finish of the Peloponnesian war.
Democratic Oligarchic
Ionian Descent Descendants of the Dorian invaders
no yes
3,761,811 35,529
Dependent on agriculture and tourism. Mostly based on tourism
37 58" 37 04" N
N 23 43" E N 22 25" E


Both Athens and also Sparta organize historic value for Greece and the people. Athens is the resources and also the largest city of Greece. It is a center for financial, political, financial and society life in Greece. Athens is the symbol of liberty, art, and also democracy in the conscientific research of the civilized people. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and also understanding.

Sparta, a tvery own near the river Evrotas, is located in the facility of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Sparta was the Dorian Greek armed forces state, taken into consideration as the protector of Greece as it was offering big army to Greece for many type of years. At current, Sparta is the bureaucratic funding of the prefecture of Laconia.


Athens has actually been consistently populated for at least 3,000 years, ending up being the leading city of primitive Greece in the initially millennium BCE; its social accomplishments throughout the fifth century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. During the Center Ages, the city proficient decline and also then recoincredibly under the Byzantine Realm, and also was relatively flourishing throughout the Campaigns, as they benefitted from Italian profession. After a lengthy period of decline under the rule of the Ottoguy Empire, Athens reemerged in the 1nine century as the capital of the independent Greek state.

Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its initially king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and also Taygete, that named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, roughly 1000 BCE. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north took area and also inevitably resulted in the increase of timeless Sparta — well known as a martial power, opponent of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. After overcoming many kingdoms and warring through many type of neighborhoods, Sparta spread to a significant empire approximately 400 BCE. This was additionally the time of Athens" autumn, which proclaimed Sparta superior in the constant war of the 2 empires. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many type of invasions. Modern day Sparta, which is recognized as Sparti in Greece, was reconstructed roughly 1834.

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Beliefs and also Culture

Athens and Sparta differed in their concepts of getting together with the rest of the Greek realms. Sparta appeared to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required. That is why it taken into consideration itself as the protector of the Greek. On the other hand also, Athens wanted to take control of even more and more land in Greece. This principle inevitably brought about war between the Greeks. Sparta had actually a powerful army and Athens knew that they might not beat them yet they had the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have actually.

What the two areas had actually in prevalent was that they were both thinkers. They worshiped their gods and also respected people. They loved beauty, music, literary works, drama, viewpoint, national politics, art, and also sporting activities. It might be said that some also loved battle itself.

Where they differed was that while the Spartans had actually aggressive worths, Athenians were autonomous. The Spartans emphasized only on broadening their power and obtaining manage over various other kingdoms while the Athenians also prospered infrastructure wise in ancient times. They interpreted the prestige of such expansion and also concentrated on them besides on armed forces toughness.



The Athenian create of electing a federal government was referred to as Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (dominance by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (dominion by kings), democracy (with the election of council/senators), and also aristocracy (dominion by the top class or land also owning class). Sparta has actually had 2 rulers in recent times, who ruled till they passed away. On the various other hand also, the leader of Athens is chosen each year. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy.

Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. The Old Greek “oligos” converts to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘ascendancy by the few’. Five Ephors were elected every year, accompanied by two queens, who passed on the crowns to their preferred sons. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and also the Kings would frequently attend the “apella” (basic assembly) to build and attempt to pass “rhetrai”, or movements and decrees. Other functions of the basic assembly were to vote on and also pass law and make civil decisions. The procedure through which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As a totality, the five Ephors had the power to overpreeminence the Kings, but tended to store to religious and militaristic duties. Sparta’s device of federal government was exceptionally exclusive and also open to members of only the greatest social standing.

On the other hand also, Athens was a democracy, which supposed “rule by the people” – “demos” (human being, or the masses) and also “kratis” (rule). 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed dvery own to a team of 500, who would then be separated into groups of 50. Each would certainly take charge for about a month, and also ten generals were instantly elected because of their experience. Others were chosen by a technique referred to as ‘lot’ voting. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to comment on political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. This was an area close by to the industries and social centre of Athens, the “agora”.



Compared to the straightforward way of life of the Spartan people, Athenians had actually a very contemporary and also open outlook. Unprefer Sparta, in Athens, boys were not compelled to join the army. As an Athenian, one might gain an excellent education and learning and can pursue several kinds of arts and scientific researches. Sparta human being were not open to education and they only focused on army stamina and obedience and they didn"t communicate much through the outside world.

Interactivity via various other Greek says

Sparta was content to keep to itself and gave army and also assistance when vital to other states. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to manage even more and more of the land also approximately them. This ultimately brought about war in between all the Greeks.


Athens had actually a Mediterranean climate via great amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had actually reasonably tempeprice yet extremely dry climate. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta.

Womales of Athens and also Sparta

Family ties in Athens were stronger and also womales were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. They could very own no residential or commercial property acomponent from the family. In Sparta, woguys had actually legal rights that various other Greek woguys did not have actually. In Sparta women were more powerful and also they created liaisons via men as they decided. They might additionally very own building by themselves. In Athens woguys did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the woguys were free of all such chores.

War Between Athens and also Sparta

Athens and also Sparta were 2 rival city-claims, while the last had extremely well trained military and soldiers, the previous boasted of an excellent navy. Athens and also its allies, well-known as the Delian League, came right into conflict with the Spartans and also the Peloponnesian league, and also in 431 BC a battle damaged out between the 2 cities - a war based on profession routes, rivalries, and tributes phelp by smaller dependent says.

This dispute, the Peloponnesian War, basically was a 28-year period of on and off civil war among Greek city-states. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the neighboring nation under its affect and also protection; Athens and also its neighboring location, recognized as Attica, was about the dimension of Rhode Island). Sparta had actually a clear army advantage on land also, however the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side had the ability to seize and maintain the top hand also. Both sides skilled major victories and crushing defeats, and also the war was frequently interrupted by durations of negotiated tranquility. The war ended in 404 BC via the defeat of Athens and its democracy.


Sparta was mostly an agricultural land also because of its inland place. The most essential imports were steels. In Sparta, men were largely warriors; others were servants. Their economic climate was largely based upon agriculture. Athens economic climate was dependent even more upon profession. Athens ended up being the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the fifth century BC.

Claim to Fame

Athens has actually discovered its name in Greek background for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural advancement and Sparta for its military power.


Anonymous comments (5)

May 29, 2013, 6:31am

THIS IS SPARTA!!!!!!!!!!

— 58.✗.✗.160

February 8, 2013, 2:57am

"Athens concentrated on liberty, art, and also worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena.""Sparta focused on armed forces toughness and being obedient."Now I understand also the distinction in between these 2 city-states. Thanks!

— 99.✗.✗.109

June 28, 2012, 8:31am

Thanks for the info. :D helped me alot.

— 195.✗.✗.9

January 29, 2014, 10:25pm

this webwebsite is exceptional, simply finiburned a file through cites and also qoutes.A+. my teacher was so impressed