Ap comparative government online course

This course has been apshowed by the College Board, which suggests that the syllabus "has demonstrated that it meets or exceeds the curricular expectations colleges and also colleges have actually for your topic." Please call sales
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It has actually additionally been granted a-g certification, which means it has actually met the rigorous iNACOL Standards for Quality Online Courses and also will currently be honored as part of the requirements for admission right into the University of California mechanism.

This course channels eextremely student"s natural, healthy inclination to compare connected points (Ben & Jerry"s versus Häagen-Dazs; Anattracted Garfield"s Spiderguy versus Tobey Maguire"s Spiderman; fairtradeexpo.org vs. a fairtradeexpo.orgless world) right into a rigorous evaluation of what makes different countries and governments tick, differently.

It turns out that government, unprefer that poncho you simply impulse-bought, isn"t one-size-fits-all. One country might have had a slow, gradual journey to democracy. Another may have started flirting via democracy in just the last half-century or so. A third may still be kicking it theocracy-style. It takes all kinds.

While U.S. Government and Politics looks at all things America, Advanced Comparative Government and also Politics is a single semester crash course on the Big Six countries—Great Britain, Russia, China, Iran, Nigeria, and Mexico—which are each representative of specific fads in federal government and national politics. For circumstances, while Nigeria has composed and recomposed about six constitutions in the last 50 or so years, Great Britain is yet to formally pen a solitary one. We guess high tea really sucks up their time.

The truth is this: various nations have experienced widely different histories—some were homesteaders and others were colonized; some were, and reprimary, deeply spiritual, while others are totes keen on keeping church and state separate. And these differences in background have informed the contemporary requirements of these countries" federal governments.

In this course, we"ll be

comparing the political background, society, government establishments, and questionable cuisines of Great Britain, Russia, China, Iran, Nigeria, and also Mexico. exploring the different cleavperiods (*ahem* divisions) in the voting blocs of the Big Six, and also what impact this has on the sociopolitical solidarity in these nations. dissecting the ins-and-outs of the Comp Gov exam, until we"re so over-prepared we might too become its dictator run for office.

So equipment up, compadres. It"s go time.

Unit Breakdown


1 AP Comp Gov

In this unit, we"ll lay the groundwork for all things AP Comp Gov, from meeting the Big Six for the first time (well, probably not the first time—you"ve heard of China before, right?), to gaining up cshed and personal with the crazy abstract theories that political researchers usage to declare who"s the fairest government of them all compare the governments and also politics of different nations. But mostly, it"s gonna be us repeating "correlation does not imply causation" over and over again, and also wishing political commentators on TV would perform the very same.


2 London Calling to the Faramethod Towns

Ah, Great Britain. Arguably the Greatest of Britains. In this unit, we"re going to fawn over Great Britain"s shiny advanced democracy, explore its tendency toward gradualism, and wonder at why it doesn"t have a formal constitution, yet does have whatever this is. We"ll obtain right into the nitty-gritty of Great Britain"s parliamentary mechanism, its partnership with the EU, and also the socioeconomic, spiritual, and ethnic cleaveras that soptimal it from reaching its full potential for Greatness.


4 Beyond the Wall

In this unit, we"ll look closely at China"s 4,000-year history of federal government and politics—from heritages such as authoritarian power, Confucianism, and also the Mandate of Heaven, to the existing communist program. As in other country-emphasis devices, we"ll look at the cleavages that impact China, in certain the tensions between the majority ethnic Han Chinese and also the Tibetans, Uighurs, and Mongols. We may likewise spfinish a disproportionate amount of time on this picture, which isn"t completely pertinent to the AP Comp Gov course. It"s a hazard you take, fairtradeexpo.orgers.


5 Iran (All Night and also Day)

So we"ve looked at democracies and communist regimes—in this unit, we"ll get cozy via Iran, the initially and only theocratic republic in the Big Six. We"ll look at the relationship in between national politics, government, and religion in Iran, and also just how that"s fluctuated throughout its background, from its time as a component of the Persian Empire, to today. We"ll also look at ethnic and also religious departments in Iran"s population, and also both the social tensions and the social diversity that arises from this. Finally, we"ll hash out as soon as and also for all just how "Iran" is pronounced, cause we think we"ve been saying it wrong.


6 Aincrease, O Compatriots of Nigeria

In this unit, we"ll look at Nigeria"s as-yet-brand-new democracy (democratizing it up since 1960), and also the obstacles that have actually stood in its way—western interventionism (we"re looking at you, Scramble for Africa), the servant profession, and also the way British colonialism capitalized on Nigeria"s ethnic diversity to promote departments among the Nigerian world that still persist this particular day. But Nigeria"s made expensive strides toward a much more democratic mechanism, and also we"ll look at the components (such as a lengthy background of civic engagement, a vocal media, and, most likely, the encouraging soul of Alagba the world"s earliest tortoise) that have made this possible.


7 Mexicanos, Oh Patria Querida!

Last speak on fairtradeexpo.org"s AP CompGov train—Mexico. In this unit, we"ll look at the forces of democracy, federalism, and pluralism, as they function in Mexico. And we"ll contextualize this within the larger scope of Mexico"s history—from a pre-early american history of unstable authoritarian ascendancy, to exactly how the Spanish Conquistadors mucked things up also even more, to the Mexican War for Independence that, eventually, paved the means for a democratic constitutional republic. We"ll look closely at Mexico"s economic situation, political parties, and also its relationship via the U.S. of A., which is still kind of puzzled as to why it only plays a bit part in this course.

It"s okay, UNITED STATE We"ll constantly have APGOPO.


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Many Iranians have always felt a solid sense of identification with their Persian heritage, which makes feeling to us—in fact, "Persia" wasn"t renamed "Iran" until the 1930s. Iranians mostly recognize as Persian and speak Farsi, which sets them acomponent from their neighbors in the Middle East, that are predominately Arab and also soptimal Arabic. This, compounded via the fact that Iran is a Shi"ite, not Sunni, state, offers Iranians a strong feeling of national identity, maybe even more powerful than that that of other Islamic says.

But, not all Iranians identify as Persian, or Shi"ite, or even share the very same sense of nationwide pride as their contemporaries. And, tbelow is plenty of spiritual and also ideological diversity that serves as a source of tension in Iranian life. But, this diversity additionally enhances Iran"s wealthy culture. In reality, if cleavperiods are the spice of life, then Iran—just choose the various other states in the Big Six--is a well-seasoned dish. So, what are the ingredients?

Tension in between minority ethnic groups favor the Azeris and the Kurds.Discrimination versus religions minorities, consisting of against various other Iranian-born religious beliefs like Baha"i and Zoroastrianism.Fewer protections and avenues for woguys, coupled via strict restrictions versus woguys in certain public locations and professions.Political rifts between those who think Iran should be secular, a sector economy, both, or neither.Increasing unrest among Iran"s largest population: its youth.Economic stratification between the extremely rich and the very poor.

Sure, periodically points have the right to obtain a little heated. But, like we always say, what"s life without a pepper to spice points up?


Sample Leschild - Reading

Reading 5.5.05a: Separatists and Sharia

Ethnicity and National Identity

Over a dozen various ethnic minorities recurrent over one 3rd of Iran"s full population. The departments in between ethnic Persian Shi"ites and also these minorities, who are regularly marginalized, is the resource of political and also social tension.

One of these teams, the Azeri make up at leastern 16 percent of Iran"s populace, though some approximates indicate they comprise as a lot as 25 percent of the complete population. Many Azeri live in north Iran, by Turessential and the Republic of Azerbaijan, wright here tbelow are additionally large concentrations of Azeri human being. In reality, the Azeri closely determine with Azerbaijan, an Azeri state that gained its self-reliance after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Like the Persians, the Azeri generally practice Shi"ism. But, they have actually a distinctive society and also language, which is related to Turkish. The Azeri are largely incorporated right into Iranian society, yet they have actually certainly confronted more than their fair share of discrimicountry. One continuous debate is the truth that Azeri Turkish isn"t taught at Iranian schools; in reality, the Azeri are frequently prohibited from speaking their indigenous language at all while at institution.

In 2006, a wave of protests shut dvery own Tehran after a newspaper published an offensive cartoon showing an Azeri as a cockroach. The protests were the worst ethnic demonstrations Iran had seen since the 1979 radvancement, and also argued a prospering nationalist movement among the Azeri. But, we"ve check out the tea leaves (e.g., review a few annoyingly long, jargon-filled political science essays), and it doesn"t look like the Iranian government has any kind of intention of giving the Azeri even more autonomy anytime quickly.

Kurds the Word

Anvarious other resource of ethnic problem in Iran stems from its connection through the Kurds, an ethnic minority that provides up around ten percent of Iran"s population.

Like the Azeri, the Kurds additionally speak their own language, Kurdish, and also have a unique social identification. But, unprefer the Azeri, the Kurds are predominately Sunni, which undoubtedly heigh10s the tension between the Kurds and the Shi"ite Persian majority. The Kurds are actually one world"s biggest ethnic group without a state to speak to their own, which have to be tough. No joke, it"s tough to be persecuted and also not also have actually a safe area wbelow you have the right to gain amethod from all the haters.

In 1979, as soon as the Islamic Republic of Iran was simply a wee little point, the Kurds actually released a separatist movement against the brand-new state. With guns and stuff. Originally, they controlled to take manage of components of northwestern Iran, however the army cracked dvery own pretty tough because, well, that"s what militaries do. But, throughout the 1980s and 1990s, many kind of Kurds continued to fight for an independent state—some peacetotally, and others not so a lot.

Iran"s government has actually grvery own significantly wary over activities for Kurdish self-reliance in surrounding claims, particularly in Iraq and Syria. But, unlike their neighbors, Iranian Kurds seem to have actually blended feelings around full freedom. For certain, some remain doubtful they"ll ever before really feel incorporated right into Iranian culture and also are hopeful the movements in Iraq and also Syria will spreview to Iran. Others, though, are hopeful that reforms under Rouhani will cause increased autonomy and a bigger say in Iranian national politics.

The Seven Winds of Balochistan

Another of Iran"s ethnic groups, the Baloch (or Baluch) , make up simply shy of 2 percent of Iran"s population. About 25 percent of the world"s Baloch populace resides in Iran; the remainder are mainly focused in Iran"s next-door neighbors, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Most of Iran"s Baloch civilization live in the Balochistan District in the southeast, which makes sense bereason it"s referred to as Balochistan, for Pete"s sake.

The Baloch generally speak Rakhshani Bolochi, which is thought to have originated in Iran. Many Baloch are Sunni Muslim, which might add to their feeling of marginalization within greater Iran. Traditionally, the Baloch are tribal and nomadic—many people live in Iran"s mountainous areas, which are scarce in resources. As an effect, Baloch people contend via some pretty fierce intertribal competition, bereason, you understand, if your tribe doesn"t insurance claim what little food is easily accessible, you die. Today, though, many kind of Baloch are settled in agrarian villages, where they herd livestock, prefer camels and also goats.

Sidenote: It can not be simple to herd goats, bereason they like to hang out in trees. How do they acquire up there? We don"t know. How perform they get down? We do not understand. All we recognize is that Balochi farmers have actually their occupational reduced out for them, bereason goats in trees.

Balochistan is widely thought about among the many isolated and underoccurred regions of Iran. It"s arid and windy and also gets little bit rainloss. In truth, it"s so windy in Balochistan that they"ve actually named the winds: Levar, Qousse, Nambi, Hooshak, Sneezy, Grumpy, and also Doc.

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The Baloch have complained of discrimination in Iran—few Sunnis organize positions within the Iranian federal government, and the Baloch do not generally have actually access to state-sponsored education and learning or media in their native language. The Balochistan National Party, a political movement in Iran, has sought better civil liberties for the Boloch world, including raised ddevelopment to the area. They aren"t beyond using violence in their pursuit for autonomy, and also are no doubt influenced by the heightened Baloch dispute in bordering Pakistan.

But, Iran"s central government provides it difficult for the BNP to achieve its goals—Tehran mostly does not like giving up its power. Still, the Iranian government has taken some procedures to encourage advance in the Balochistan Province. Namely, it developed the Chabar Free Trade Zone which, a lot favor the Free Trade Zones of China, was designed to loosen trade limitations in order to bolster the region"s economic situation through worldwide profession.

To learn more about the Azeri, Kurds, Balochi, and other ethnic teams in Iran, check out this primer from the USA Institute of Peace. Take some notes as you go, around stuff like

the influence of ethnicity in Iran"s elections;the government"s treatment of activists;exactly how occasions outside Iran"s boundaries have actually contributed to raising nationalism;exactly how the federal government responds to the Baluchis, Arabs, and also Lors; andthe nexus in between faith and ethnicity in Iran"s ethnic cleaveras.

Baha"i Bye, Baby

Let"s play a tiny game we favor to speak to two truths and a lie. We"re going to make 3 statements: two of them will certainly be true, one of them will be a lie, and also it"s your task to figure out which are which.

The Islamic Republic of Iran is an Islamic theocracy.The Islamic Republic of Iran is Shi"ite.Iran doesn"t permit citizens to practice any faith other than Islam.

If you guessed that the lie was 3), excellent on you. Admittedly, we made it sort of easy on you by putting them in order: 2 truths, then the lie. But, still. Gold star.

It"s definitely true that roughly 90 percent of Iran"s population identifies as Shi"a. But, nearly 10 percent identify as Sunni, and also a whopping 0.7 percent identify as Baha"i, Christian, Jewish, Zoroastrian, or something completely various (Source). That can not seem choose a ton of religious diversity, and also it"s not. It"s just 0.7 percent.

It"s sufficient spiritual diversity, though, that the Iranian constitution recognizes and offers protection to certain religions—namely, Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians. The constitution likewise mandates that Jews and also Zoroastrians each gain one seat in the Majlis, and also Christians get three seats. Out of 290 members, 4 seats isn"t a ton—0.01 percent—yet, hey, it"s a bone to gnaw on. (Sorry, Baha"is, no bone for you.)

These constitutional protections, though, do not eliminate spiritual problem in Iranian society…particularly given that they"re not extfinished to the Baha"i.

Haven"t heard of it? No prob. Baha"i is one of the youngest religions in the world—it was started in Iran 1863, by Bahá"u"lláh. Basically, a young Iranian dude named The Báb proclaimed that a messenger from God—the latest prophet after Moses, Jesus, and also Muhammad—would show up shortly. Sure sufficient, Bahá"u"lláh was born quickly afterward.

Baha"i is monotheistic, and also believes in a solitary God similar to the one of the Abrahamic faiths. However, followers of Baha"i believe in manifestations of God, namely, that God reveals himself to human being throughout history in the develop of Divine Messengers. The guiding principle of Baha"i is unity, or the idea that world must job-related together for the prevalent excellent. According to the Baha"i, tbelow is just one genuine religious beliefs, which makes it universalizing. But, the Baha"i additionally think that all the different religions in the world are valid, and also are simply different, equally acceptable interpretations of the exact same reality.

The Baha"i have actually had actually a unstable go of it in Iran, both historically and also in contemporary society. Since they aren"t extended the same constitutional protections as various other religious beliefs, the exercise of Baha"i is efficiently criminalized. Baha"i complain that they are regularly denied company licenses and work, prevented from taking management (or any) positions within the government, and are deprived of access to higher education.

And, the federal government has supplied the judicial mechanism to stifle Baha"i practice in Iran. In the last decade, the federal government has arrested over 800 Baha"i, on charges such as posing a hazard to nationwide security, engaging in propaganda initiatives, and espionage. In 2008, the Baha"i Seven, a team of salso (der) Baha"i leaders, were arrested for comparable factors, though experts widely regard these charges as spurious and also rather believe they were arrested for their faith. (Yeah, they"re still in priboy.)

Unfavor the Baha"i, Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians all have a degree of constitutional security, though they all challenge spiritual persecution. For example, Christians who aren"t tied to an ethnic group, largely Protestants and Evangelicals, do not have actually depiction in the Majlis and are frequently persecuted for proselytizing. The reason? Convariation to any other faith from Islam is treated as heresy under Sharia law. And heresy is one of those crimes that are punishable by fatality. Yikes. We understand also its kind of annoying for a missionary to ring your doorbell throughout dinnertime, however death is a tiny excessive.

Iran"s Jewish populace isn"t huge—approximately 25,000 people—yet it"s still the second greatest Jewish populace in the Middle East, after Israel. While Jews are officially well-known by the federal government and deserve to practice their religion, tright here is still conflict in between Jews and the religious majority. In the previous, the federal government has actually arrested, imprisoned, and also tried Jews for things like spying for Israel.

Ahmadinejad came under fire from the global media for denying the holocaust and also, also even more freshly, Supreme Leader Khamenei posted a video questioning the veracity of the Holocaust. Understandably, this hasn"t specifically endeared Iran to its Israeli next-door neighbors, who watch Iran"s revisionist management as a threat.

The Zoroastrians, too, have actually a long background of persecution in Iran that days as much back as the Safavid dynasty. Today, tright here are about 20,000 Zoroastrians in Iran; in the 1970s, tbelow were about 200,000. That"s a dramatic decrease over a forty-year duration, yet it"s even more amazing considering Zoroastrianism used to be the leading religious beliefs in Iran. In the wake of the 1979 Radvancement, Zoroastrians were persecuted by the federal government, which sent out them on involuntary suicide goals, denied them access to state colleges, and vandalized their temples.

In recent years, though, many kind of young Muslim Iranians have actually actually embraced Zoroastrian icons out of solidarity via the Zoroastrian populace, and as a means to identify with their Zoroastrian roots.

Life for the Ladies

It"s basic to assume that Iranian womales are totally deprived of all legal rights in Iran, however the truth paints a pretty various image. It"s true that woguys carry out not have equal security under the law; they don"t have actually the same rights once it concerns marital relationship, divorce, or son custody. And, there are particular professions, consisting of those in clerical office and sporting activities, that are forbidden to womales. Plus, women are forced to adbelow to a strict dress code, and tbelow are still many public locations that womales aren"t enabled to go.

These rights are frequently compounded by sociofinancial and geographical status—economically disadvantaged and also rural womales benefit from much fewer privileges than their wealthy, urbane countercomponents.

But, in many kind of means, Iranian political society respects and also encourages woguys in civil culture. Women have actually the exact same voting rights as men (although not all womales find it basic to exercise those rights). And, they have actually the exact same best to education (although they aren"t allowed to study all disciplines). In fact, womales presently consist of a greater portion of college students in Iran than guys. Go ladies, go.

A Principalist Stand

In spite, or maybe because, of the reality that the Iranian federal government doesn"t permit political parties, political factions have arised as one of the state"s significant departments. Mostly, these factions take a stand also on the age old debate in between etop quality versus liberty, though faith is additionally a warm topic for conflict. So, what are the major political divides in Iran?

(You don"t need to answer that question. It was rhetorical, and an obvious, probably cheap, literary device employed to develop both suspense and also reassurance.)

The primary political divide in Iran is in between the reformers and the conservatives, that disagree over the duty of religion in the state. Iran"s reformers enjoy lengthy, secular walks on the beach and also hanging out through their friends watching well-known American sitcoms. They can be religious in their exclusive lives, but they mostly point there"s a small room to sepaprice the legislation of Islam from the law of the land also. A lot of these reformers are quietists, meaning they do not think it"s even feasible to unite God"s legislation with man"s regulation until the surprise Imam comes out from hiding.

The conservatives, on the various other hand, are the human being in power now. These folks, who additionally call themselves principalists, gain non-secular walks on the beach and also hanging out via their friends analysis passages from the Qur"an.They are generally cool via things as they are—according to the conservatives, the tenets of Islam should absolutely inform, and supersede, state law. To them, the idea of velayat-e faqih, which needs that the world in power be spiritual scholars, is instrumental for ensuring Islamic law is appropriately integrated through the state.

The other main political rift in Iran isn"t around religion really at all, yet instead centers approximately economic ideology. In one camp, tbelow are the folks who favor economic liberalization and also desire to boost profession via the rest of the world. In the various other camp, tright here are the folks who are wary about financial liberalization and who think that privatization is incontinuous with religious legislation. They are particularly doubtful about trading with the West.

It wouldn"t be unreasonable to assume that a lot of reformers favor financial liberalization, while the majority of conservatives think liberalization—and also, in particular, trade via the West—is the initially stop on the highway to doomsday. But, it would certainly be wrong. In fact, the division isn"t so clear-reduced. Many reformers oppose instituting a complete free-industry economic situation, and also many kind of conservatives favor it. The moral? Just because you might want the appropriate to hold hands through your boyfrifinish in public doesn"t necessarily intend you desire to organize hands through the USA on the trading floor.